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24/09/13 10:01

The Scottish Health Survey 2012

A National Statistics Publication for Scotland.

Scotland’s Chief Statistician today announced the publication of the Scottish Health Survey 2012. This is the eighth report in the Scottish Health Survey series which began in 1995. The survey provides data on cardiovascular disease and the related risk factors, including smoking, alcohol, diet, physical activity and obesity. Information on general health, mental health and dental health are also included. Statistics on gambling are also included in this year’s report for the first time.

Main Findings

  • Three quarters of adults (74%) described their health as ‘good’ or ‘very good’ in 2012.
  • The mean score on the Warwick-Edinburgh Mental Wellbeing Scale (WEMWBS) in 2012 was 49.9. There has been no significant change in the mean score since 2008.
  • A quarter of men and 18% of women drank at hazardous or harmful levels (more than 21 units per week for men and more than 14 units for women) in 2012. Hazardous or harmful drinking prevalence has declined since 2003 although levels did not change significantly in the latest year.
  • 16% of non-smoking adults reported exposure to second-hand smoke in a public place. Reported exposure was greatest (11%) outside buildings (e.g. pubs, shops, hospitals).
  • There has been no significant change in the proportion of adults or children consuming the recommended daily intake of 5 or more portions of fruit and vegetables (19% of men, 21% of women, 12% of boys and 14% of girls did so in 2012).
  • 62% of adults met the new physical activity guideline (150 minutes of moderate activity or 75 minutes of vigorous physical activity per week) with men more likely than women to do so (67% versus 58%).
  • Based on the old guideline (30 minutes on 5 days a week) there has been no significant change in activity levels in recent years (between 38% and 39% since 2008).
  • In 2012, 70% of children aged 2-15 were active for at least 60 minutes a day (including school-based activity) with boys significantly more likely than girls to meet the guideline (73% versus 68%). The proportion of children meeting the physical activity guideline has not changed significantly since 2008 (71%).
  • In 2012, just under two-thirds (64.3%) of adults were overweight or obese (BMI of 25 kg/m2 and over) while over a quarter (27.1%) were obese. Prevalence of overweight and obesity in adults has increased significantly since 1995 but has remained broadly stable since 2008.
  • In 2012, two-thirds (67.5%) of children had a healthy weight, an increase from 65.4% in 2011 but a decrease over the longer term from 70.1% in 1998.
  • In 2012, 46% of adults reported having a long-term condition (a physical or mental health condition or illness lasting - or likely to last - for twelve months or more). A third (32%) had a long-term condition that limited their daily activities in some way.
  • 16.2% of adults had a cardiovascular (CVD) condition in 2012.
  • In 2012, seven in ten adults in Scotland reported gambling in the previous 12 months with men significantly more likely than women to have done so (74% versus 67%).
  • In 2012 0.7% of adults in Scotland (approximately 31,000 people) were identified as problem gamblers according to the American Psychiatric Association’s Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV) screening tool.